Friday, August 31, 2012

Pictures of Ancient Rome

Pictures, Images & Photos of Historic Rome

Pictures, images & photos of Rome, Italy. To many Rome is Italy but actually Rome is Rome and still feels different from the rest of Italy. 1600 years after its fall from grace the independence of what was the capital of the greatest Western Empire can still be felt. It is still very clear to Romans that they are Romans first and Italians maybe. Rome may have lost its great imperial Emperor but it is still home to the guiding spirit of over half the worlds Christians in the form of the Pope. Rome probably has more iconic buildings than any other city in Europe. It would be difficult and pointless to try and choose only one of Rome's landmarks as its icon for each has a different meaning to different people. The Trevi fountain is the focus of coin throwing romantics as is the Spanish Steps. The Vatican is the focus of pious Roman Catholics from all over the World and the Colosseum is an iconic symbols of Rome's excesses and cruelty and mystique. The great events that happened in the Forum of Rome are some of the great stories of European history and to follow in the footsteps of Julius Cesar and Augustus is a thrilling experience. To stand under the great dome of the Roman Basilica of the Pantheon is an awe inspiring marvel at ancient engineering that would defeat modern architects. Rome operates on so many cultural levels that it is impossible to make a single definition for the city.

One thing is for sure Rome has something for everyone, from the Great football teams of Roma and Lazio to the work of the greatest artists that ever lived. From chic Italian clothes boutiques to the greatest museums in the world. Is this review of Rome's attributes too gushing? Well actually it can never be gushing enough because to encompass what is Rome is really impossible. Fellini took a good shot and glorified Rome in some of the great icon films of European cinema like "La Dulce Vita" & "Roma" but even the great masters work only scratched the surface. There is no need to throw three coins into the Trevi fountain, which is meant to mean that the thrower will visit Rome again, because there is no doubt that the appetite from one visit to Rome will fuel the hunger to visit again.

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Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Pictures of Minoan Art & Frescoes

Pictures, Images & Photos of Minoan Frescoes & Art.

Pictures of Minoan Art with images of Minoan frescoes from Knossos, Akrotiri & the Ankara Archaeological Museum.

What the Minoans called themselves is unknown. The term "Minoan" was coined by Arthur Evans after the mythic "king" Minos.

The Minoan Bronze Age began in Crete around 2700 BC. The influence of the Minoan civilization outside Crete manifests itself in the presence of valuable Minoan handicraft items on the Greek mainland. It is likely that the ruling house of Mycenae was connected to the Minoan trade network. After around 1700 BC, the material culture on the Greek mainland achieved a new level due to Minoan influence. Connections between Egypt and Crete are prominent. Minoan ceramics are found in Egyptian cities and the Minoans imported several items from Egypt, especially papyrus, as well as architectural and artistic ideas.


Saturday, August 11, 2012

Pictures of Greek Sculptures

Pictures, Images & Photos of Ancient Greek Sculptures.

Pictures, images & photos of Greek Sculptures from the Archaic to the Hellenistic periods. What is known as Ancient Greece is today the Cyclades Islands, Greek mainland and the Aegean coast and its islands. It was common to use a small figure as a votive offering or in a grave burial. These go back as far as 2800 B.C on the Cyclades island and were simple figures in terracotta or stone.

The first period that shows the craftsmanship and skill of Greek sculptures id the Archaic period which was inspired by Egyptian art and spanned from about 100 B.C to 500 B.C. One of the dominant styles of the Archaic is the Kouros, a nude standing youth and the Kore, a draped standing girl. The nude male was prized in Greek sculpture as the male body was seen as a thing of great beauty. The Greek Olympic athletes competed in the nude. Because the Gods had human forms statues of the Gods in the nude are also normal in Greek Sculpture.

After the Archaic came the Classical period fro about the 5th cent B.C to the 4th cent B.C. By this time the Greek sculptures skills had been perfected and they were able to produce realistic and idealised style that evolved following the conquests by Alexander the Great (336 B.C to 323 B.C) into the Hellenistic Period. The Hellenistic period saw what some saw as a drop in standards as the sculptures became less idealistic and more realistic depicting real emotions.

Once the Romans had conquered Greece from 146 B.C they created a demand for copies of classic Greek sculptures that were produced almost like factory items. This period of Roman copies of Greek classical sculptures is important to archaeology as it preserved some lost classical sculptures as replicas.

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Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Museum Pictures of Roman Mosaics

Pictures, Images & Photos of Roman Mosaics of Italy, Greece & Turkey

Pictures & images of Ancient Roman sculpture & relief sculptures from Italy, Greece & Turkey. Ancient Greek sculpture is a complicated area of archaeology as it is linked very closely to Greek sculpture. One area of Roman sculpture copies earlier known Greek sculptures. One of the most significant Roman developments was that of portraiture. Wealthy Roman families developed a type of ancestor worship with rooms dedicated to the death masks. The cheapest masks were made of wax and the more wealthy could afford bronze, marble & terracotta. This led to public to a realistic style of sculpture of the great & the good of Rome where reality went as far as adding warts and wrinkles because they showed that the person had character.

Reality in statues stopped with the end of the Republic. The Emperor Augustus controlled his image once he had become essentially the first Emperor. The approved image of Augustus was spread around the Roman Empire and in them he never grew older. Subsequent Emperors followed this lead and a more formal idealised portrait developed that flattered. Although the Romans followed the style of classical Greece, they stopped short at nudity and few of the male Roman sculptures show men in the nude.

Sculptures & relief sculptures were an important part of Roman communication. Great triumphal arches & columns showed the great exploits of Emperors and Roman temples and sarcophagus were adorned with relief sculptures of mythical scenes, great exploits or hunting scenes. Sculptures of the gods filled niches in Roman buildings and were found in every home.

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